ERIC Number: ED193976
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex Role Expectations and the Assumption of Leadership by College Women.
Golub, Sharon; Canty, Eileen M.
The hypothesis that the presence of males inhibits the emergence of women as leaders and that this phenomenon is unrelated to differences in dominance, but rather to sex role expectations, was tested. Thirty women attending a woman's college were paired with both male and female peers, whom they did not know, for an experimental task in which one member of each pair was to assume a leadership role. The experiment consisted of 30 trials in which suspects of a simulated theft were interviewed by paired subjects, one of whom was the interrogator and the other the assistant. The leadership role was operationally defined as that of interrogator in the interview situations. The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) was administered to all subjects prior to the experiment to provide a measure of dominance. Only one third of the women assumed leadership when paired with men. This finding appears to be due to the influence of sex role norms since there was a significant increase in leadership behavior when the same women were observed in same-sex pairs. In contrast, male cohorts when paired with other men showed no significant change in leadership behavior. Analysis of CPI dominance scores indicated that dominance was not a prerequisite for male assumption of leadership. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Philadelphia, PA, April 1979).