ERIC Number: ED193798
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
The State Role in Education, Past Research and Future Directions.
Murphy, Jerome T.
This paper, prepared for a National Institute of Education conference on state governance issues in education, reviews the most important recent research on the role of the executive branch in state education policy-making and implementation. The literature review is divided into five categories: (1) input/output studies; (2) policy-making studies; (3) policy implementation studies; (4) studies of the cumulative impact of state policy; and (5) an analysis of methodological issues. The paper recommends additional research on a broader spectrum of the states, on executive agencies other than state education agencies (SEAs) and on the inner workings and lower levels of SEAs. It also emphasizes a focus on specific policies, people, and process to learn more about the dynamics of policy-making. As a higher priority, the paper suggests research on the implementation of specific policies, focusing on how and why they work in practice, on local capacity, and on strategies used by SEAs to influence local activities. As the highest priority, the paper suggests a focus on the cumulative impact of state policies on the schools, looking for both direct and indirect effects, and for models of state-local relations. (Author)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Decision Making Skills, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Literature Reviews, Policy Formation, Research Methodology, State Departments of Education, State Government, State Legislation
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Research on Educational Finance and Governance.