ERIC Number: ED193599
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Strategy Availability and Use by Good and Poor Readers.
Schwartz, Robert M.; Stanovich, Keith E.
Two studies investigated the use of graphic and contextual information in word recognition, and the extent to which good and poor fourth grade readers were flexible in their ability to trade off one type of information for another as situations warranted. The subjects orally read stories containing ten altered words, with a single letter substituted so that another word was formed that was anomalous within the sentence. The first study used different orienting instructions to manipulate subjects' response sets and measured awareness of the passage modifications. Results indicated that variations in responding to the altered words were not related to ability or instructional orientation. The variations were related to subjects' self-reports of strategies adopted to deal with anomalies and their ability to identify the altered words. In the second experiment the task demands were made explicit in order to examine the relationship of information processing demands and reading ability. Good and poor readers were equally able to conform to demands for contextually appropriate reading responses, but poor readers were less able to suppress contextual information when accurate reading was required. The results of this research run counter to the conception of poor readers as insensitive to contextual information. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).