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ERIC Number: ED193588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Determinants of Perceived Friendship: Comparability of and Delay Between Benefits.
Clark, Margaret S.
Observers can decide what kind of relationship exists between two people by identifying cues provided by the pattern of benefits given and received in relationships and the type of relationship, either communal or exchange. Communal relationships, i.e., friendships or romances, are characterized by feelings of responsibility for each other's welfare. Exchange relationships occur when members give and expect to receive benefits, such as between business associates. It was hypothesized that observers could use comparability of benefits given and received to determine the type of relationship between two persons. In two studies, subjects read paragraphs describing interactions between two people, in each of which each person benefited the other. In both studies, the comparability of the two benefits was varied, however, in the second study, the length of the delay between the giving of the first and the second benefit was also varied. Subjects then judged the degree of friendship between the two people. In both studies, perceived friendship was greater when benefits were non-comparable. In the second study, perceived friendship was greater when there was a moderate rather than a short delay between benefits. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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