ERIC Number: ED193584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Reinforcement: The Role of Task Interest.
DeLamarter, William A.; Krepps, Patrice E.
Intrinsic motivation and self-reinforcement can be used identically to explain behavioral persistence in the absence of external reward. Yet the relationship between these concepts has not been adequately explored. Since intrinsic motivation appears to be dependent on an interesting task and self-reinforcement independent of task, it was hypothesized that factorial manipulations of reinforcement (external, self, or none) and task (interesting versus uninteresting) would permit an examination of the relationship between intrinsic motivation and self-reinforcement. Subjects (N=60) rated the interest value of the three tasks while observers recorded the time required to complete the tasks. Results indicated that, for an interesting task, external reinforcement led to the least free-time activity, no reinforcement led to the most, and self-reinforcement yielded intermediate activity. For the uninteresting task, external and self-reinforcement led to greater activity than no reinforcement. Self-reinforcement led to equivalent activity in the interesting and uninteresting task conditions. Findings suggest that arousal is a possible mediator of self-reinforcement and intrinsic motivation effects. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).