ERIC Number: ED193565
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Personality and Person Perception: A Person-Situation Analysis.
Battistich, Victor A.
There is a common assumption in personality psychology that an individual's attitudinal and/or motivational characteristics influence the selection, interpretation, and encoding of information from the external environment. However, recent reviews of empirical research in such areas as implicit personality theory and person perception offer little support for these theoretical relationships. It was hypothesized that perceiver personality interacts with stimulus attributes and interaction situation to affect social cognition. Subjects observed a videotape of one of four stimulus characters varying in assertiveness and affiliativeness, with whom they expected to cooperate or compete against in an upcoming interaction. As predicted, dominant perceivers focused on target assertiveness in their impressions, while succorant perceivers focused on target affiliativeness. Additionally, expectations about interaction outcomes were more positive when conditions were congruent with personality dispositions, and liking was greater for stimulus characters whose behavioral tendencies complemented those of the perceiver. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).