ERIC Number: ED193507
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Managing for Motivation: Herzberg's Motivation-Hygiene Theory and Its Application to 4-H Leadership. National Intern Report.
Freeman, Walter J.
A study examined the organizational factors contributing to the motivation of 4-H volunteer leaders. A modified form of Herzberg's Motivation-Hygiene Theory served as the research design of the study. A total of 149 4-H leaders were interviewed regarding thirteen job factors: recognition; personal growth; relationships with other 4-H leaders, extension staff, parents, and other 4-H members; policy and administration; work conditions; guidance and training; and security. Percentages of motivation and hygiene factors contributing to job satisfaction and dissatisfaction were computed. Factors contributing to job satisfaction (motivating factors) were recognition, work itself, responsibility, personal growth, achievement, and relations with members and parents. Factors contributing to job dissatisfaction were guidance and training, policy and administration, and relationship to leaders. Relationship with members and parents and achievement which served as sources of both job satisfaction and dissatisfaction functioned both as motivational and hygiene factors. Based on these findings, administrators of volunteer programs should minimize opportunity for hygiene factors to become significant to 4-H leaders. (Models for managing motivation and hygiene of volunteers conclude this report.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: National Four-H Club Foundation, Washington, DC.