ERIC Number: ED193438
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Differences in Absence from Work: A Reinterpretation.
Englander-Golden, Paula; Barton, Glenn
Sex differences in absence from work were investigated for parents and non-parents during a period of eleven months. The four categories investigated were forty-nine women and forty-seven men with children and forty-seven women and forty-seven men without children. No significant sex differences in sick leave were revealed by official personnel records for the non-parent group. Among working parents, the records showed that mothers took significantly more sick leave than fathers. By using self-reports obtained under protection of anonymity it was found that in the parent group both sexes reported absences necessitated by child care as personal illness, but significantly more women than men were absent from work for such activities. Therefore, the working mothers had a higher incidence of absences labeled as sick leave which in reality were used for child care. As hypothesized, child care, rather than personal illness, appeared to be the major variable which mediated sex differences in absence from work. (Author/YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma Univ., Norman.