ERIC Number: ED193410
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Urban Environments and Urban Children.
Garbarino, James; Plantz, Margaret C.
This paper focuses on the distinctive characteristics of urban environments, the ways these environmental features affect city children, and the roles that schools can play in modifying these effects. Bronfenbrenner's multilevel framework for studying the ecology of human development is described. Recognizing the central role that families play in the lives of children, neighborhoods are examined as important environments for both families and their children. Unique characteristics of urban environments and the special ways in which their multiple levels and interacting systems pose risks and opportunities for child development are then discussed. New York, NY 10027 Data from a study on people's perceptions of "high risk" versus "low risk" urban neighborhoods are reviewed, showing that despite demographic similarities, the high and low risk neighborhoods varied significantly in terms of social stresses and supports, adequacy of child care, and residents' attitudes toward the neighborhood. Finally, the school is hailed as an institution that, with proper moral, political, and economic resources can protect environmentally-at-risk children, increase their opportunities, compensate for weaknesses in families and neighborhoods, and influence public policy related to children. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Child Development, Children, Elementary Secondary Education, Environmental Influences, Family Role, Neighborhoods, School Community Relationship, School Role, Socialization, Urban Areas, Urban Environment, Urban Schools
Institute for Urban and Minority Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - General; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.