ERIC Number: ED193348
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Intra-District Inequalities, II.
Research Review of Equal Education, v3 n2 Spr 1979
Research on intra-district inequalities is necessary for determining if changes in state financing formulas have affected inequitable distributions of educational resources within school districts and between classrooms in individual schools. Material inequalities in per pupil expenditures based on race were outlawed by the Hobsen vs Hansen court decision. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was found to have worsened intra-district inequalities in some school systems either through the withdrawal of local funds from poor schools or through improper use of funds to purchase services for ineligible children. Intra-district inequalities were found by the Office for Civil Rights in New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles. The inequalities were related to racial, ethnic, and - inferentially - economic factors. Efforts to support litigation for revision of inter-district taxation has led to the omission of emphasis on intra-district inequalities and to the exaggeration of factors beyond district control. A new Federal inquiry into inter-district, intra-district, and within school inequalities may be of pivotal significance in the formulation of future policy and research. Tables of data are included and a bibliography is appended. (Author/MK)
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equal Facilities, Expenditure per Student, Federal Aid, Financial Problems, Racial Discrimination, School District Spending, School Taxes, State Aid
Horace Mann Bond Center for Equal Education, School of Education, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 ($4.00 + $0.30 postage).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles); Illinois (Chicago); New York (New York)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I