ERIC Number: ED193335
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Involved in the Negative Transfer from Isolated Learning to Simultaneous Learning.
Underwood, Benton J.; Lund, Arnold M.
Six experiments were intended to characterize more completely a phenomenon found when lists were first learned in isolation and then placed together for simultaneous learning. The subjects learned three lists, each list clearly distinguishable from the other. One of the lists was recalled, another was tested for frequency information, and the memory for the third was tested by recognition procedures. Certain variables were manipulated to see if the magnitude of the phenomenon could be changed. One of the experiments, using college students as subjects, dealt with transfer from simultaneous learning to isolated learning, and another showed that associative learning occurred for items presented together for study in simultaneous learning. Degree of level of isolated learning had only a small effect on the negative transfer observed in subsequent simultaneous learning; the higher the degree of learning the less the negative effect. However, this was not consistent in all experiments. Transfer from simultaneous learning to isolated learning resulted in high positive transfer. Recall did not differ for simultaneous and isolated learning whereas recognition and frequency judgments were poorer in simultaneous than in isolated learning. Items from different tasks appearing together in simultaneous learning became strongly associated. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Dept. of Psychology.