ERIC Number: ED193282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Fairness and the Predictors.
Ellett, Frederick S., Jr.
Certain conditions are investigated as to whether they are necessary or sufficient to indicate the fairness of a test, or predictor, in its role in the college admissions procedure. Eight general positions are considered that have claimed to provide sufficient conditions for the unbiasedness of a standardized test or predictor: (1) equal test score means for the relevant groups; (2) equality of prediction systems; (3) equal risk (Einhorn and Bass); (4) constant ratio of acceptance for different groups (Thorndike); (5) equal conditional probability of selection (Cole); (6) equal probability of selection; (7) a culture-modified criterion (Darlington); and (8) equal expected utility (Petersen and Novick). These positions are described, and it is argued that none of the positions provides a sufficient condition for fairness; that only two provide conditions which are necessary for fairness in special situations; and that current selection policies using standardized tests are only fair in the grossest sense. A policy is recommended that uses the "best available predictors," but in a way which is reasonably efficient and more fair than current practices. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (64th, Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).