ERIC Number: ED193275
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Educational Evaluation: A Retrospective View.
Tyler, Ralph W.
A broad review of educational assessment during the past 40 years (1930's to 1970's) is presented. The review begins with the birth of the term "evaluation", when the depression made educators aware of the need for new programs and ways to appraise them, and continues into an explanation of the Eight-Year Study (1933-41), which gave attention to the assessment of educational objectives and techniques of appraisal. The next milestone discussed is the changed role of public education after World War II. Instruction and the grading system, originally developed to sort students, was modified to encourage as many students as possible to further their education. The final section of the review is a consideration of various checkpoints for program assessment. These points include: (1) assessing what students have learned; (2) comparing ideas of an educational activity with realities to which they refer; (3) checking implementation; (4) monitoring program operations after implementation; and (5) appraising program outcomes according to what the students have learned. (GK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).