ERIC Number: ED193038
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Arithmetic Disabilities: The Relation Between Arithmetic and Some Psychological Abilities. A Reanalysis.
Dumont, J. J.; And Others
This document notes that arithmetic disabilities can occur with an otherwise normal intelligence level. Two models of explanation are given. The first emphasizes the conditions under which children learn mathematics, the second views the identification of a number of factors in the "structure of intelligence" that appear to be strongly related with success in the teaching of mathematics. The starting point for this research is the question whether mathematics ability in primary schools is related with any specific intellectual factors. Independent variables selected for study included intelligence, specific factors such as visual-spatial abilities, memory and fluency, and abilities in classification and seriation. One-hundred twenty pupils between the ages of 9 and 11 that were judged by their teachers to be one to two years behind in mathematics were selected for the study. The study concluded that, in general, arithmetic abilities are more dependent on verbal and non-verbal problem solving than on general mental ability. Addition and subtraction are distinguished from general mathematical ability as they appear to be dependent on different abilities. It is suggested that further research should aim at task-analysis of the different tasks. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nijmegan Univ., The Netherlands.