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ERIC Number: ED192906
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Implementation of Photographic Visual Problem Solving Strategies to Enhance Levels of Visual Perception in Elementary School Art Students.
Dunn, Phillip C.
This study investigates the relationship of teaching strategies emphisizing visual problem solving through the medium of photography to increased visual perceptual levels in second and third grade students. Twenty-five subjects from three classroom groups were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups labeled Perceptual Principles Group 1, Elements of Design Group 2, and Control Group 3. Groups 1 and 2 were given 15 simple, self-processing still cameras and film. Both experimental groups received examples and classroom discussion that pertained to visual problem solving and perceptual principles. Treatment for Group 1 focused on five visual perceptual principles: point of view, space, motion, points of maximal information, and the perception of an event. Treatment for Group 2 emphasized five elements of design: line, shape, texture, space and color. As measures of subjects' visual perceptual ability, two standardized instruments and a rating scale were employed in a pre-test, treatments, post-test design. The instruments were (1) the Children's Embedded Figures Test (CEFT); (2) the Motor-Free Visual Perception Test (MVPT); and (3) the Dunn Photographic Rating Scale (DPRS). Among the results it was found that Group 1 made significantly greater performance gains on the CEFT than did Groups 2 or 3; that there were no significant performance differences on the MVPT and that there were significant differences on the DPRS between Groups 1 and 2, with Group 1 subjects performing at higher levels than Group 2. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A