ERIC Number: ED192905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Creatively Creative Taxonomy on Creativity: A New Model of Creativity and Other Novel Forms of Behavior.
Stahl, Robert J.
Some of the most used, misused, and abused terms in contemporary education are the words "create,""creative," and "creativity." One way of understanding creativity is to reject the current practice of assuming that creative behavior is directly caused by some special kind of mental operation called "creative thinking." What can be accepted is the fact that individuals constantly produce unique and new behaviors and prodwcts. Inherent in this position is the assumption that it is not the mental operations themselves which automatically generate creative outputs: rather, it is external criteria applied to unique, novel behaviors which ultimately determine the degree to which a person's output is "creative." Educators should use the word "novel" to describe any new response or product by an individual. The word "creative" should be used only when very specific external criteria have been met. Eleven categories of psychological variables that may influence the production of novelty are accident, accommodation, reproduction, duplication, fabrication, imitation, transfersion, substitution, experimentation, innovation, and generation. Criteria for assessing the creativity of a product or person can be described in terms of the product itself as an entity, the problem which it resolves, the field in which it is presented, and its out-of-field effects. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-9, 1980).