ERIC Number: ED192884
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Toys: More Than Trifles for Play. A Review of the Toy Industry, Educational Claims, Safety Standards and Precautions, Toy Selection and Toy Libraries.
Evans, Joyce; Stewart, Patricia
This document reviews literature that is relevant to the evaluation and selection of educational toys. Information is summarized under the following topics: (1) the value of toys and manufacturers' claims; (2) basics of the toy industry; (3) toy hazards and accidents; (4) guidelines for toy selection; (5) toy safety legislation and protection; and (6) toy libraries. Information from the areas of education and psychology, business and marketing, consumer protection agencies and toy safety indicate that the toy industry has done little to develop methods for testing the educational value and safety of toys, but has relied instead on the opinions of professionals. A basic condition of the toy industry is extreme competitiveness. Consumer criticism is strong and has spurred the growth of toys marketed as safe and educational. Toy endorsements and labels which say "tested by research" are often misleading standards of toy safety. Statistics show that child injuries from toys are related to features such as the actions of the toys, damaged toys, and packaging. Toys which are inappropriate to the age and abilities of the child are also a major cause of injuries to young children. This factor should be taken into consideration in toy selection. Other criteria of toy safety and precautions are summarized and insights are offered about toy safety through analysis of toy safety legislation. Guidance in toy selection is also available through toy libraries. The operation, aims, resources, and potential uses of these are described. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.