ERIC Number: ED192743
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Human Decision-Making in Computer-Aided Fault Diagnosis. Technical Report 434. Final Report.
Rouse, William B.; And Others
A series of six experiments was conducted to increase understanding of human performance on diagnostic tasks, and in the process to investigate the feasibility of using context-free computer-based simulations to train troubleshooting skills. Three simulated diagnostic tasks were developed: a simple context-free task, a complex context-free task, and a context-specific task (simulation of aircraft powerplants). The six studies evaluated the effects of computer aiding on the performance of each task and on subsequent unaided performance, using different task mixes, subjects (4 to 48 engineering or technical trainees), and conditions (self-pacing vs. forced pacing, feedback loops). Computer aiding reduced the number of tests required to diagnose simple problems and enhanced subsequent unaided performance except when subjects were under time pressures. Training on the simple task with computer aiding first inhibited and then enhanced performance on the complex context-free task. Training on the context-free tasks improved performance on the context-specific task. Results provide a database for both theoretical issues in fault diagnosis and practical application of computer aiding to live system performance. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Coordinated Science Lab.