ERIC Number: ED192661
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Retention and Attrition: Evidence for Action and Research.
Lenning, Oscar, T.; And Others
This document was developed to (1) help clarify the various concepts of retention and attrition within a unifying conceptual framework, (2) synthesize the research on retention and attrition, and (3) examine the implications of the research for postsecondary administrators and researchers. Retention and attrition research pertains to both the percentages of students who complete programs and the reasons for completion or attrition. Practical considerations concerning attrition and retention that administrators should consider are briefly addressed. After clarifying terms, (including persister, stopout, dropout, retention, and attrition), that appear to affect attrition and retention are described, and activities and strategies that may help reduce attrition rates are recommended. Theoretical and empirical literature is reviewed, as are attempts to classify retention. A new structure for classifying retention is proposed, and indicators and measures for attrition and retention are described. The difficulties of interpreting students' self-reported reasons for leaving school are also addressed. An extensive bibliography is included. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Administrator Role, Definitions, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Research, Higher Education, Models, Predictor Variables, Research Methodology, Researchers, School Holding Power, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition
National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, P.O. Drawer P, Boulder, CO 80302
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, Boulder, CO.