ERIC Number: ED192652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Differences in Attitudes Toward Retirement Among Male and Female Faculty and Other University Professionals.
Anderson, Kim; And Others
The effect of gender on retirement attitudes among college faculty and other university professionals were studied, and variables that might affect attitudes toward retirement were investigated. A 35-item questionnaire was mailed to all faculty and nonteaching professionals at a university center, a four-year college, and a community college of the State University of New York. Of the 2,058 questionnaires, 958 were returned. Attitudes toward one's own retirement were found to be gender-related: "looking forward to retirement with pleasure" was the modal response for men, while "looking forward to retirement with mixed feelings" was the modal response for women. The responses of single persons were equally divided between "with pleasure" and "mixed feelings" for both men and women. Separated, widowed, or divorced men and women, on the other hand, tended to anticipate retirement with "mixed feelings." It was primarily among the married university professionals that men and women differed in attitudes toward retirement, with married men holding the more favorable attitude and married women expressing greater ambivalence. When respondents assessed their attitudes toward retirement in general, women tended to have less positive attitudes than did men. The variables of respondent age, job status, marital status, educational level, and job satisfaction yielded little conclusive information about the possible sources of women's more negative attitudes toward retirement. Some possible explanations are offered. (SW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society (November 1978).