ERIC Number: ED192336
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Jan-3
Reference Count: N/A
Differences in the Language and Design of Four PPIs for Valium. Technical Assistance Report No. 1.
Redish, Janice C.
As part of the evaluation of four different versions of a patient package insert (PPI) for diazepam (Valium) created by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the content, organization, language, and design of the PPIs were compared. One PPI was a short prose piece with clear organization that did not particularly highlight warnings or, indeed, any specific piece of information. The second PPI was clear, personal in tone, and had a high level of explanation. It also stressed warnings more than the other versions by placing this section first, by highlighting it with use of large type and a box, and by using the word "warnings" rather than "cautions." The third PPI had a more complex style and organization than the first two PPIs, with a higher level of personalism but not as high a level of explanation as the fourth PPI. The last version of the PPI had the most difficult language style and the most complex graphic design. It did not use a personal tone but it had a high level of information and explanation. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.; Siegel & Gale, Inc., New York, NY.; Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA.