ERIC Number: ED192236
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Depression on Personality Judgments about One's Self and Others.
Kuiper, Nicholas A.; And Others
Depressed individuals seem to believe that they are qualitatively inferior; they tend to misinterpret and exaggerate losses and overgeneralize the meaning of self-relevant information. The way in which information about the self is processed by depressed individuals, in particular, the differences in self-schema content (the constellation of attitudes about oneself) between depressed and nondepressed individuals, was studied. Subjects rated a series of personality adjectives, recalled the adjectives, and completed a depressed-versus-nondepressed content rating task and a self-rating task. As predicted, depressed subjects displayed superior recall for self-referenced depressed-content objectives; nondepressed subjects displayed superior recall for self-referenced nondepressed-content adjectives. Study results offer empirical support for the idea that there is a negative self-schema specific to the disorder of depression. (Author/CS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).