ERIC Number: ED192232
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Personality Tests: Self-Disclosures or Self-Presentations?
Johnson, John A.
When people talk about themselves, psychologists have noted that their verbal reports can be categorized as simple factual communications about the self, i.e., self-disclosure, or as ways to instruct others about how one is to be regarded, i.e., self-presentation. Responses to items on objective self-report measures of personality similarly can be regarded as self-disclosure or as self-presentations. In order to investigate whether objective self-report measures of personality are regarded better as sources of factual information about the self or as ways to instruct others about how one is to be regarded, self-disclosure and self-presentation were compared by testing the unique, divergent predictions each made about the kinds of personality variables associated with consistency in self-description. For three groups of subjects (155 normal adults, 69 murderers, and 47 college students) almost all of the self-presentation variables were correlated significantly with consistency, while none of the self-disclosure variables was correlated with consistency. Results tended to support a self-presentation view of test-taking over a self-disclosure view. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).