PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED191790
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Search for Citizen Education Measures Continued.
Sanders, Nicholas M.
This report presents information on a search for measures of citizen education in elementary and secondary schools. It is intended to update information presented in ED 159 115 and to reevaluate the current state of affairs in measurement of citizen education goals. The document is presented in three sections. Section I explains criteria and sources used in the search. Criteria included that a measure must have been tested on at least one grade level, publicly reported, and judged technically adequate. Sources included "Citizen Education School Improvement Effort," Research for Better Schools, 1980; and "Current Index of Journals in Education", ERIC, 1976 to 1979. Section II presents results of the search with regard to 12 general citizen education goals: 1) inquiry skills, 2) respect and caring for others, 3) commitment to equality, 4) commitment to personal freedom, 5) identification with participatory groups on all levels, 6) interpersonal skills, 7) action skills, 8) knowledge about predictions of social problems, 9) commitment to rationality, 10) knowledge of institutions and systems, 11) knowledge about social issues, and 12) commitment to action. Section III presents findings and identifies areas for further research. Findings indicated that goals one through five are now relatively well covered by measures for secondary school grades and that goals eight and nine should be further researched because they remain without appropriate measures at any grade level. The conclusion is that three measures should be highlighted as particularly useful--the"Psychosocial Maturity Inventory," Greenberger, 1976 and two "Educational Goal Attainment Tests," by Tuckman and Montare, 1975. An annotated bibliography concludes the document. (DB)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizen Role, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility, Cognitive Objectives, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Futures (of Society), Inquiry, Institutional Role, Interpersonal Relationship, Literature Reviews, Measurement, Skill Development, Social Influences
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: For a related document, see ED 159 115.