ERIC Number: ED191650
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Rural Experience with Federal Education Aid.
Presenting a brief overview of federal aid to education, this paper approaches the equity issue by first detailing the unique characteristics of rural school districts and then examining rural program needs in terms of the appropriateness, sufficiency, and manageability of federal aid for rural schools. Emphasizing the diverse nature of rural school districts, this paper describes characteristics common to most rural schools: small enrollments, sparse populations, close school-community relations, and problems of isolation and finance. Specifically, the following questions are raised: (1) Do federal education programs offer 'appropriate' assistance to rural schools, given their unique characteristics? (2) Is federal education aid 'sufficient', given the nature and extent of rural needs? and (3) Is federal education aid manageable in rural schools? This analysis suggests that the needs of rural school districts necessitate flexibility, specialized services, greater resources and educational opportunities, and greater levels of financial aid. Calling for programs designed to meet the special needs of rural schools, numerous steps are suggested for equitable adjustment in the federal aid program. Among these are: elimination of the "density bias" of federal aid programs; reduction of average grant sizes to increase availability to greater numbers of schools; increased availability of small grants to teachers for individual projects; allowance for greater latitude among grant recipients; and closer monitoring of state departments of education in their distribution of federal funds. (JC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Rural Center, Washington, DC.