ERIC Number: ED191588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Misidentification of Counterstereotyped Role Models in Four- and Five-Year-Old Children.
Patterson, Jana N.; And Others
This study was designed (1) to replicate and extend previous research on the misidentification phenomenon and (2) to test possible explanations for the phenomenon. Seventy-two preschool children were read one of three story books in which a male is presented in a traditionally female role and a female is presented in a traditionally male role. Book 1 concerned a doctor and a nurse; Book 2, an executive and a secretary; Book 3, a principal and a teacher. Children were further divided into a group which was asked to identify the male and female during the story and a group that was not. All children were asked to identify the male and female by role at the conclusion of the story. Some misidentification in the direction of sex-role stereotypes was observed in each book condition. Asking children to identify the male and female in mid-task did not increase the proportion of children who were correct in identifying the male and the female post-task. Also, there was some indication that ability to respond correctly on traditional tests of conservation may be related to the ability to identify correctly counterstereotyped instances of role models. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (Washington, DC, March 26-31, 1980).