ERIC Number: ED191584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Correlates of Sex-Role Flexibility in Children. Detailed Findings.
Katz, Phyllis A.
This group of studies investigated the level of traditionality/flexibility in the sex-role attitudes of 376 six- and nine-year-old children, and in the attitudes of their parents. Sex-role questionnaires assessed: (1) the child's attitudes regarding toy and activity preferences, future domestic aspirations, occupational choices, and tolerance of atraditional children and adults; (2) the child's perceptions of his parents' preferences and expectations for him, and of the parents' behaviors as role models; (3) the child's perceptions of peer expectations of him; (4) the child's role model preferences in various media; (5) parent attitudes regarding toy, activity, media, and occupational choices for their child and parent behavior regarding domestic activities. In general, results indicated that: the children's sex-role attitudes were fairly stereotyped; older children's perceptions of peer expectations and media preferences were more stereotyped than those of younger children; older children perceived their parents to be more flexible in sex-role orientation than younger children did; and girls' perceptions were generally more flexible than boys' perceptions. The most significant predictors of a child's present and future sex-role orientation were peer influence and media influence, respectively. Children's perceptions of their parents' attitudes and behavior were not significantly related to the actual parents' scores. Parental attitudes and reported behaviors revealed a less traditional pattern than those perceived by their children. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Research on Social Problems, Booulder, CO.