ERIC Number: ED191204
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Case Studies of Overlap Between Title I and P.L. 94-142 Services for Handicapped Students.
Birman, Beatrice F.
The study of overlap between Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I services and P.L. 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) services was designed to address two questions--to what extent is there a duplication of services to students who might be eligible for both programs, and to what extent do procedures and rules in the selection and provision of services to students result in limitations of the services that a student might be eligible to receive. Case studies of schools in six states (California, Tennessee, Wyoming, Washington, South Carolina, and Oklahoma) were conducted. Although patterns of overlap problems differed greatly from state to state, it was found that duplication of services was not a major problem in the districts studied. Among major findings were the following: the extent of dual eligibility in California is unknown since there is no mass screening of students for special education services; in Tennessee, a student's chances of receiving special education services may partly depend on which school the student attends; and in Wyoming, Washington, South Carolina, and Oklahoma, teacher referrals began the process of special education placement and were important for Title I placement as well. Among conclusions were that there is a need for more flexibility in the rules governing the receipt of multiple services, that problems stemming from exclusive reliance on teacher referrals might be reduced by clarifying the differences between Title I students and handicapped students; and that it might serve policymakers well to shift their focus from identifying target populations to meeting the specific service needs of students. (SBH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I