ERIC Number: ED191148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr-8
Reference Count: 0
A Reassessment of Racial-Balance Remedies.
Bell, Derrick A., Jr.
Reliance on racial balance and busing as the chief tool for implementing the "Brown" decision by virtually every legal agency with sufficient legal and financial resources to represent the educational interests of black and other minority-group students is questionable on grounds of historical precedent, parental priorities, and educational expertise. Historically, blacks have been more concerned with equality in education than with being educated with whites but came to believe that they couldn't have the former without the latter. Presently, courts will listen to arguments for educational remedies rather than for racial balancing. The long delayed implementation of the "Brown" decision, the continuing hostility of the society to its implementation, and the less-than-impressive achievement statistics attributed to black students in desegregated settings, all have resulted in a restructuring of the parental priorities to focus first and foremost on educational quality. Available research fails to show a relationship between conventional resources and achievement, and efforts to ascertain either a positive or negative influence from desegregation have led to inconsistent conclusions, or to no conclusions at all. A racial balance policy is an insufficient and sometimes inappropriate response to the present inequity that characterizes public instruction for black children. (Author/IRT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April 7-11, 1980).