ERIC Number: ED191111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Verbal Statements of Context on Facial Expressions of Emotion.
Knudsen, Harold R.; Muzekari, Louis H.
A study was conducted to examine the extent to which verbal statements of context influenced the perception of emotion in facial expressions. In addition, it examined the pairing of both congruent and incongruent stimulus sources. The subjects, 98 college students, were shown photographs of four male and four female actors displaying facial expressions of fear, anger, sadness, and happiness. The subjects were also shown a set of ten verbal statements that reflected the four emotion categories. In a group situation, all subjects were exposed to four experimental conditions: (1) photograph alone, (2) statement alone, (3) photographs and statements paired congruently, and (4) photographs and statements paired incongruently. The photographs and statements were projected on a motion picture screen and the subjects indicated their responses to them on an emotion stimuli rating scale. The results indicated that there was significantly greater agreement among the subjects on the meaning of facial expressions when they were accompanied by congruent verbal statements than when they were viewed alone. Conversely, there was significantly less agreement on the meaning of expressions when they were accompanied by incongruent verbal statements than when viewed alone. The findings suggest that context is an integral part of the process of perceiving and interpreting facial behaviors. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (30th, Acapulco, Mexico, May 18-23, 1980).