ERIC Number: ED191091
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
The Liverpool Connection: Transatlantic Newspapers in the 1840s.
Schwarzlose, Richard A.
The introduction of steam-powered ocean navigation in 1838 made possible the faster delivery of foreign news to United States newspaper offices and also gave rise to a new journalism genre--the transatlantic newspaper. Published on one side of the Atlantic and shipped by steamer for consumption on the other side, transatlantic newspapers compiled and condensed from all available sources the latest political, commercial, and shipping news. Although intended for private subscribers, they were important sources of foreign news for United States newspaper editors. Three such papers, all published in Liverpool, England, were "The European,""Charles Willmer's European Mail," and "Willmer & Smith's European Times." The last-named newspaper, published from 1843 to 1868, was the most influential and successful one. A comparison of the eight available copies of "The European Times" with the New York-based "Herald" and "Tribune" shows that between 1843 and 1848 more than 50% of the foreign news appearing in the two papers was taken verbatim (and usually without credit lines) from the European Times," suggesting that this newspaper had a significant impact on the foreign news presented by the two New York newspapers. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (63rd, Boston, MA, August 9-13, 1980).