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ERIC Number: ED190953
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Gender Stereotypes as a Product of Inferred Sex Differences in Status: The Case of the Influenceability Stereotype.
Eagly, Alice H.; Wood, Wendy
According to sex stereotypes, women are more easily influenced than men. This stereotype may derive from perceivers' inferences that women occupy lower status positions than men, and the lower an individual's status in relation to other persons, the more he or she yields to their influence. Each subject (N=408) read a scenario describing a workplace encounter in which a communicator attempted to influence an opposite-sex recipient. For scenarios omitting job titles of the communicator and recipient, subjects believed that a female recipient would be more likely to comply behaviorally with a male communicator's recommendation than a male recipient would with a female communicator's recommendation. For scenarios including job titles, subjects' beliefs about compliance were based on the communicator's and recipient's job status but not on their gender. In a second experiment, scenarios omitting job titles were composed with same-or opposite-sex communicators and recipients. The greater perceived compliance of female recipients with male communicators than male recipients with female communicators was replicated and proven to be a function of both the communicator's and the recipient's gender. These findings suggest that perceived status affects the content of gender stereotypes. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (52nd, St. Louis, MO, May 1-3, 1980). Best copy available.