ERIC Number: ED190926
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Now That I Can Have It I Don't Want It: The Effects of Opportunity on Aspirations.
Martin, Joanne; And Others
The first step in combatting segregation is the integration of a few members of a disadvantaged group into a more advantaged group. At this stage integration is partial and some individuals are left behind. Previous research on the reactions of those left behind has produced two contradictory patterns, i.e., partial integration increases discontent and raises aspirations, as well as the opposite effect. These two findings were tested using 68 female secretaries, who watched a slide/tape presentation describing an executive and a secretarial position at a fictitious oil company. In the presentation the sex ratio of the executives was manipulated. Subjects responded to an attitude questionnaire, a sex-role ideology scale, and an instrument evaluating their desire for promotion. Results indicated that partial integration of the executive ranks increased secretarial satisfaction with pay, made promotions less desirable, and also had the paradoxical effect of increasing feminist secretaries' satisfaction with the status quo while decreasing their aspirations for upward mobility. (Author/HLM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980).