ERIC Number: ED190719
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Mechanisms for the Implementation of Civil Rights Guarantees by Educational Institutions.
Hill, Paul T.; Rettig, Richard A.
This report derives from a study of the implementation of civil rights guarantees by elementary, secondary, and higher education institutions. The study was commissioned by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) with the objective of determining whether the OCR should more closely monitor and enforce compliance with Federal regulations concerning the rights of women, minorities, and the handicapped, or whether these regulations are being adequately addressed through local administration of compliance mechanisms. Under Federal law, local institutions are required to (1) file formal assurance of compliance with guarantees established in Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, (2) conduct a self evaluation of their practices in dealing with the rights of women and the handicapped, (3) appoint a compliance coordinator, and (4) establish formal grievance procedures. Based on case studies of twelve local education agencies and twelve institutions of higher education throughout the country, it was found that (1) nearly all the institutions had implemented the required mechanisms, though few people apart from managerial personnel knew that they existed, and (2) the four mechanisms contribute to the change process, but the most important changes are initiated by institutional leaders or employees. Of the four mechanisms, assurance of compliance was found to be the least effective. Recommendations are offered for improving its usefulness. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, Colleges, Compliance (Legal), Disabilities, Educational Discrimination, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation, Females, Higher Education, Institutional Role, Minority Groups, School Districts
Publications Department, The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - General; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Rehabilitation Act 1973; Title IX Education Amendments 1972