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ERIC Number: ED190297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
A Review of Literature on Rural and/or Small Schools.
O'Neal, Linda; Beckner, Weldon
A general look at rural and/or small schools is the focus of this state of the art review. The historical perspective of the report begins in 1918, when the trend toward consolidation of one-room schools was first indicated and continues into and well beyond the depression. It is reported that the number of school districts decreased from 127,000 in 1932 to 16,276 in 1976. But Sher and Tompkins (1976) postulate that school consolidation has had its strengths exaggerated, weaknesses ignored, and overall merits for educational reform seriously oversold. Sher and Tompkins also report that not a single 1 of 14 recent consolidation studies controlling for IQ and socioeconomic effects records a consistent, positive correlation between size of school and academic achievement. Trends indicating support of goals for the 1970's are discussed and goals for the 1980's are listed. Strengths and weaknesses of small schools are then discussed from the following viewpoints of administration, teacher, student, community, guidance, atmosphere, finance, curriculum, student achievement, staffing, morale, and cultural opportunity. Concluding the paper is a lengthy review of promising practices. A chart contrasts the characteristics of the Model Innovative Process, as identified by Fullan in 1972, with characteristics of the Rural Futures Development Process, developed by the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. (AN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A