ERIC Number: ED190227
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
On the Relation Between Memory and Metamemory.
Barclay, Craig R.
Twenty kindergarten children, 5 to 6 years of age, were presented a free recall task in which half of the subjects were asked to generate a "plan of attack" for remembering before experiencing a study-test sequence. The materials were three different sets of 12 pictures each. In each set, three different conceptual categories were represented (animals, toys, fruits). One set was used as a warm-up, or interview set, and the other two served as test sets. Subjects were assigned to either a Question or No Question group. Subjects in the Question group were instructed to study the pictures until they knew all the names "by heart." They were given unlimited study time and told to do anything they wanted to aid memory. They were then asked what they were going to do and prompted until a strategy was produced. The subjects' recall was tested immediately after indicating readiness. Subjects in the No Question group followed similar procedures except that they were not questioned. The data suggested that, in comparison to an appropriate control group, children who were asked to formulate a strategic plan demonstrated better memory performance. The results were discussed in terms of the importance of an a priori frame-of-reference as a prerequisite to effective problem-solving behaviors. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: State Univ. of New York, Cortland. Coll. at Cortland.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Hartford, CT, April 9-12, 1980).