ERIC Number: ED190062
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
SIR/CAR--Studies of Television and Youth Sports.
Moriarty, Dick; McCabe, Ann
This study examines the fundamental thesis of whether exposure to prosocial and antisocial media-provided models significantly affects the behavior of youths (ages 7 to 17) while engaged in sports or athletics. The research group evaluated three different groups and three separate samples--prosocial, antisocial, and a control group--dividing the 255 subjects into four sports categories: hockey, lacrosse, girls' baseball, and boys' baseball. A combined methodology of seeing and observing teams, semi-directed focused interviews, and written opinionnaires were used to study viewing characteristics and monitor actual changes in sports goals and behavior. Overall findings suggest that antisocial models do not necessarily lead to increased levels of aggression, although prosocial models significantly decrease physical and verbal aggression. Recommendations of the study support future research and encourage media policies that promote participatory goals as opposed to winning-at-all-costs goals, and increase or stress the prosocial content of amateur or professional athletics. Mass media was found to be a definite vehicle for providing appropriate prosocial models that could influence a vast number of participants involved in youth sports and athletics. (RAA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ontario Royal Commission on Violence in the Communication Industry, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: Windsor Univ. (Ontario). Faculty of Physical and Health Education.