ERIC Number: ED190059
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
It's 1980: Do You Know Where Your Computer Is?
Seidel, Robert J.
This paper provides an evaluative framework to clarify the similarities and differences in five purposes for which a computer may be used to aid instruction. Each purpose implies its own method of evaluation and each has a different set of effectiveness measures that highlight its unique value. The first four involve adding new skills or knowledge to the instructional process, or what is called "value added" computer use; while the fifth deals directly with cost effectiveness. The five purposes are (1) computing opportunities--providing facilities for each school; (2) computer literacy--learning what "computer" means; (3) curriculum enhancement--attaining new objectives; (4) educational reform, e.g., high school education at home; and (5) cost effectiveness, e.g., comparison of two ways of learning English grammar. Measures of effectiveness for each of these purposes are discussed in detail. A final item considers the process by which one can decide when to use cost effectiveness judgments in contrast to value added judgments in comparing computers or any other innovation in instruction. (RAA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.