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ERIC Number: ED190032
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Constitutionality of Compulsory Attendance at Religious Exercises in Religious Institutions of Higher Education Which Are the Recipients of State and Federal Financial Assistance.
Habecker, Eugene B.
The legal problems with which a religious higher education institution must deal if it receives state and/or federal financial assistance and requires attendance at its religious exercises are discussed. Selected state and federal court cases are reviewed and analyzed, including the United States cases of Tilton v. Richardson (1971), Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971), Hunt v. McNair (1973), and Roemer v. Board of Public Works (1976). Discussion of the three-fold judicial test of "secular legislative purpose,""primary effect," and "excessive entanglement" set forth by these Supreme Court and other court cases is followed by suggestions of practical guidelines which religious higher educational institutions can use to ascertain whether their institutional policies with regard to either receipt of state and/or federal financial assistance or requirements for attendance at religious exercises need to be revised. These kinds of institutions are reminded that courts generally do not require cessation per se of compulsory religious activities. On the other hand, receipt of government funds could mean that institutional recipients could be forced to choose between receipt of government financial aid or an institutional policy supportive of compulsory attendance at religious activities. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A