ERIC Number: ED189921
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Structures of Knowledge and Implications for Teaching. Report No. 6.
Donald, Janet G.
Teaching and learning, especially in higher education, appear to consist of complex analytic and synthetic processes which create concepts and relate them to one another. Sixteen model courses from the natural sciences, social sciences, and the arts and humanities were examined to establish some general characteristics of university course material and to understand the perspective of the professor teaching course material. Data were gathered by research assistants attending classes and from professors themselves. The following kinds of data were collected: number of relevant concepts; hierarchy of key concepts; definitions and degree of common usage; mode of representation; abstraction/concreteness; inclusiveness; salience; word associations; tree structure; similarity grouping of all concepts; word associations, overlap, related coefficients; and relatedness of meaning. Three case studies of specific courses are presented to illustrate the data more effectively. A list of eight implications of the study are compiled for professors, curriculum developers, quality control experts, and university planners interested in improving student learning structures through improved teaching techniques. References are appended. (DC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: British Columbia Univ., Vancouver. Faculty of Education.