ERIC Number: ED189669
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Reference Count: 0
A Constructivist Approach to Uncertainty Reduction in Initial Impressions.
Rubin, Rebecca B.
A study was conducted on the relationships between information seeking and individual cognitive structures (both individual cognitive complexity and the constructs used to understand others). Specifically, the study sought to determine how people use questions to reduce the uncertainty of meeting new people in impression-formation interviews. The subjects were 14 male and 14 female communication students who had previously completed the Role Category Questionnaire. These subjects were tape recorded as they conducted an impression-formation interview with one of the experimenters confederates. Following each interview, the subject wrote an impression of the confederate. Sex of subject and sex of confederate were counterbalanced. The results indicated that higher cognitive complexity subjects, especially males, asked more questions during their impression interviews. The females in the study had higher complexity levels than the males, but they did not necessarily seek more information than the high complexity males. The subjects did not necessarily ask the confederates questions that reflected their cognitive dimensions, but seemed to seek the information in ways that followed socially approved norms. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (30th, Acapulco, Mexico, May 18-23, 1980).