ERIC Number: ED189635
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Editor's Manipulation of Photographs: An Experimental Study of the Effect of Varying Reproduction Methods.
Fosdick, James A.; Shoemaker, Pamela J.
A study was conducted to determine the effect on perceived meaning of the way a photograph is reproduced and to discover whether there would be an interaction between the complexity of photographic subject matter and the complexity of reproduction method. Each of 160 college students in a sophomore-level American history course was given a packet containing the same four photographs, but the subject matter varied as to complexity. Forty of the students saw the four photographs reproduced in a 133-line halftone screen; 40 saw them in a mezzotint halftone screen; 40 saw them in a steel engraving halftone screen; and 40 saw them in a tone-line conversion. Subjects were asked to rate each of the photographs with respect to 14 different characteristics, to rank-order the photographs according to preference, to describe the photographs in their own words, and to indicate their degree of liking for each photograph. Analysis of the results indicated that perceptions of photographs of subjects of varying complexity and the degree of liking expressed for them were significantly different regardless of variation in their reproduction processes. However, it was noted that the method of reproduction had some influence on how exciting or active certain photographs were perceived to be. (The paper includes tables of data and the assessment instruments used in the study.) (GT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (63rd, Boston, MA, August 9-13, 1980).