ERIC Number: ED189519
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-May
Determinants of Relapse Following Smoking Cessation.
Shiffman, Saul M.
Although research has been conducted on who will relapse after having quit smoking in clinics, little has been done to determine the immediate precipitants of recidivism. A telephone hotline, manned by four experienced interviewers, was set up to receive calls from ex-smokers who had relapsed or who felt at high risk for relapse. A structured interview focused on the physical and social situation in which the relapse occurred and the events preceding the relapse, including the caller's thoughts, affect and behavior. Of 32 calls in which relapse had occurred, 83% were from women. Most relapse episodes occurred in the home and during the evening, while the relapsing smoker was engaged in work or social activities. Half felt anxious, suggesting work-related anxiety was a contributing factor. Stress, anger and depression were also often cited as factors. Withdrawal symptoms were less often reported. Contact with smoking-related cues was cited by callers reporting positive affect. The consumption of food, alcohol or drugs was the greatest single correlate of relapse. Since most callers reported no specific attempts at coping, ex-smokers may need to be appraised of the risk and provided with specialized coping skills. (NRS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980).