ERIC Number: ED188835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jun-1
Reference Count: N/A
Title IV: Improving Indian Education.
Barker, Kipp A.
The Indian Education Act of 1972, Title IV, has improved Native American education by emphasizing Native American control; it comes after 400 years of Euro-American involvement in Indian education during which assimilation was the primary goal. In 1568 Jesuit priests began "civilizing" and Christianizing the "savage" Indians; in 1794 the first treaty containing provisions for education initiated the federal government's attempts to convert Native Americans to Euro-American ways. In 1969 a congressional subcommittee found national policies for Native American education to be overwhelmingly inadequate, and subcommittee recommendations led to the enactment of Title IV. This legislation provides grants for developing programs to meet the needs of Native American students, including adults; for preparing teachers of Native American children, with preference given to training Native people; and for research to develop effective instructional programs. In 1974, $40 million in grants was awarded to 1,050 local school districts and organizations for diverse projects, including educational radio for Chippewa Indians in North Dakota and modern technology for 5,500 students in remote Alaskan villages. Title IV does not meet all the educational needs, but it has set the precedent for Indian control and self determination in education. (JH)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian Education, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Boarding Schools, Community Control, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Improvement, Educational Innovation, Educational Legislation, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Indian Relationship, Federal Legislation, Government Role, Public Schools, Self Determination, Tribes, Trust Responsibility (Government)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Indian Education Act 1972