ERIC Number: ED188818
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Texas: The State of Civil Rights. Ten Years Later, 1968-1978.
Avena, J. Richard; And Others
It has frequently been said that the past decade has been one of major advances for Black and Mexican American Texans. A study by the Texas Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights reported that, to the contrary, Texas, at all governmental levels, consistently underemployed, underrepresented, underutilized and underestimated minorities and women. The study centered on minority and female participation in the educational process; employment at the city, county, state, and federal levels; political participation; and the administration of justice. Because of the state's size and diversity, analysis was directed to the north, south, west, east, central, and Panhandle-High Plains regions of Texas. Among the conclusions drawn were: (1) while minorities were frequently employed in rough equivalence to their percentage of the population, both in terms of responsibility and salary they were almost always concentrated in the lowest levels; (2) educational decisions at all levels were almost exclusively in the hands of Anglo males; (3) Anglo males had dominated upwards of 90 to 100 percent of elected positions at all levels; and (4) minority groups were represented in very small numbers among those who actually enforced Texas laws, a pattern particularly disturbing among the state's judiciary. Part Four of a larger report submitted by the Committee, this document summarizes all the study findings. The document ends with a case study of San Antonio which provides an in-depth look at the involvement of minority group members and women in policy making and decision making roles of selected agencies/institutions. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Blacks, Case Studies, Citizen Participation, City Government, Civil Rights, Employment Level, Employment Practices, Females, Judges, Justice, Local Government, Mexican Americans, Military Personnel, Minority Groups, Political Power, Power Structure, State Government, State History
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 005-000-00232-0).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Austin.
Identifiers - Location: Texas; Texas (San Antonio)