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ERIC Number: ED188785
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Differences in the Play Behavior of Three Age Groups.
Clance, Pauline Rose; And Others
Erik Erikson concluded that differences in the play constructions of young children are largely determined by psychosexual differences in the subjects and not by cultural influence. He suggested that additional observation of younger and older subjects could determine whether the differences were true for all ages or whether they were restricted to preadolescent subjects. In the present study, sex differences in play constructions of 30 preadolescents, 30 6-year-olds, and 30 16- and 17-year-olds were observed. Each child was asked to build an exciting scene and to relate a story about it. Differences in construction of males and females were measured using many of the same variables which Erikson used when he drew the parallels between the nature of the constructions and the morphology and functions of sex organs. When males and females were compared across all age levels, males used more blocks and included more wall protrusions, while females used more furniture in their constructions. When age groups were compared, the 6-year-old group used more cars and furniture than the other age groups. While these findings offer some support for a psychosexual interpretation, they could also be interpreted as supporting a social learning hypothesis. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A