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ERIC Number: ED188376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Formal Syllogistic Reasoning of Young Gifted Children.
Shigaki, Irene S.; Wolf, Willavene
The ordering of difficulty of logic principles and the age of acquisition for each were examined with 160 gifted children (20 each from ages 4 to 11). Five principles of class logic were explored: three orders of enthymemes, i.e., missing conclusion, missing minor premise, and missing major premise; and two additional third order enthymemes, i.e., missing negative conclusion and missing conclusion to a class chain. A hierarchy of difficulty was found with missing conclusions being the easiest, negative conclusions second easiest, minor premises and conclusions to class chains both being third easiest, with the major premise the most difficult. Developmental data indicate that nearly half the responses were correct for missing conclusions as early as age four, while mastery of the major premise was still limited even by age 11. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Boston, MA, April, 1979).