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ERIC Number: ED188256
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Perceptual Measure of Children's Developmental Somatotypic Preferences.
Portnoy, Enid P.; Gardner, Julie M.
Somatotyping is a term that has evolved for the reliable recognition of the expected relationship between body type and personality traits. Using a somatotypic measure, a study was conducted to identify the developmental changes in children's attraction preferences within their own peer groups, as tested in kindergarten, third, and sixth grades. The major attraction dimensions measured were physical, social, and task attraction. A total of 347 students participated. The students were shown posters with silhouettes illustrating three extreme body types (ectomorphy, mesomorphy, and endomorphy) and were asked to select a preferred body type related to the series of attraction variables being measured. The results indicated that a clear stereotype of body type attraction perceptions and preferences does exist for children of these ages. Generally, kindergarten children preferred the ectomorph, while third and sixth grade students preferred the mesomorph for all variables measured. A steadily increasing preference toward the mesomorph and away from the endomorph was observed as grade level advanced. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association (71st, Ocean City, MD, April 24-26, 1980).