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ERIC Number: ED188143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Age Effects in Nonverbal Decoding Skill and Style.
Blanck, Peter D.; And Others
A study was conducted to examine longitudinal and cross-sectional age effects on accuracy of decoding nonverbal cues. A videotaped nonverbal discrepancy test was administered to 78 children aged nine to fifteen years. The test measured (1) decoding accuracy--the extent to which subjects were able to identify affects (positivity and dominance) from visual (facial and body) cues and audio (content filtered and random spliced) cues; (2) discrepancy accuracy--the extent to which subjects recognized the degree of discrepancy between audio and video cues; and (3) video primacy--the extent to which subjects were more influenced by video than by audio cues. It was found that older children benefited more than younger ones from the effects of retesting in their accuracy at decoding discrepant cues; that older relative to younger children displayed a trend for less video primacy after retesting; and that relative to younger children, older children showed less video primacy in decoding extremely discrepant audio and video nonverbal cues. The findings suggest that although older children perform most nonverbal decoding tasks better than younger children, the advantages of age are especially great for the decoding of the more discrepant channels. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A