ERIC Number: ED188126
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Twenty Lives: A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of 5 Variables on the Lives of 20 Students Who Were Low Readiness in First Grade (1964-1976).
Newman, Anabel P.
An analytical field study of 20 students whose first grade low readiness scores contrasted sharply with their ninth grade academic achievement sought to ascertain what variables were associated with such differences. Interview and standardized test data were used to determine the relationships between student development and five nonschool factors: experiential models, motivation, interests, perseverance, and influences/pressure. Data were examined in a four-cell design reflecting combinations of student first grade readiness and ninth grade achievement. It was found that low readiness first grade students who achieved at or above cohort means on ninth grade achievement tests were rated higher on the variables of model, motivation, interest, perseverance, and pressure than students who did not achieve at or above cohort means. Underachieving students were more likely to have had negative models, achievers were less likely to perceive pressure as a significant part of their experience, and low achievers tended to perceive negative pressure as part of their experience. Based on these data and the differences between the students' ninth and eleventh/twelfth grade achievement scores, there is the implication that educators should avoid stereotyping students at any level of school experience. (Appendixes contain information on the history of the study, the forms used in the study, and transcripts of the interviews conducted as part of the study.) (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related document see CS 005 482. Not available in paper copy due to poor reproducibility.